To date, various types of suspension are used in the car, including dependent and independent structures. Each of these types of suspension such as scrap car removal etobicoke has its own specific advantages and disadvantages, which affect the costs of the car owner for maintenance and repairs, the car’s handling, comfort on board and the safety of driving. Let’s talk in more detail about what constitutes a dependent and independent suspension.
A bit of theory
The suspension of a car, depending on its design, can be divided into two main categories: dependent or independent. In a dependent suspension on one axle, the wheels are rigidly interconnected, respectively, the effect that falls on the left or right wheel will invariably affect the entire rigid beam and the second wheel on the axle. When passing irregularities, the body will tilt or shudder, and if one wheel on the roadway is higher than the other, then in such a case, the likelihood of overturning the body increases.
The independent suspension does not have a rigid beam, therefore, the wheels on the axle are not rigidly interconnected with each other, which can significantly increase the comfort on board, improving the car’s handling. If one of the wheels hits any obstacle or falls into a hole, then due to the lack of interconnection, such shocks are not transmitted to the second wheel and the car body. This significantly improves the vehicle’s handling characteristics.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of the dependent suspension is the simplicity of the design, which accordingly has a positive effect on its reliability and ease of repair. There is practically nothing to break in such a suspension; it is often used on budget cars, as well as on cars that are subjected to significant loads during operation. Such a dependent suspension is often used on domestic cars, as well as on full-fledged SUVs and crossovers.
The advantages of independent suspension include excellent on-board comfort and a significant improvement in vehicle handling. Numerous links, levers and springs work separately with each wheel, which makes it possible to better swallow existing bumps on the road. Typically, these vehicles with independent suspension use more rigid shock absorbers, which eliminates roll in corners and minimizes the likelihood of skidding. Many modern premium cars are equipped with this type of suspension today, and the independent suspension can be both front and rear, used with front, rear and all-wheel drive.
The disadvantages of independent suspension include the complexity of the design. Numerous rods and springs are subjected to significant loads during operation, they wear out faster, therefore, it is required to carry out service maintenance of such vehicles on a regular basis, and the costs of repairing the suspension can be quite high. Therefore, comfort and improved handling have a downside, namely a decrease in reliability and significant costs for car repairs.
Let’s sum up
Currently, modern cars use dependent and independent suspension, and the former is typical for budget cars. It is distinguished by its simplicity of design, but it cannot provide excellent handling, and the comfort when driving on bumpy roads also suffers. The independent suspension has a more complex design, it is typical for premium cars, it provides improved handling and increases the comfort of travel, but the reliability of the entire chassis invariably suffers, and the car owner is often forced to carry out expensive suspension repairs.